The cannabis industry is growing at a rapid pace, and with this growth comes the responsibility to promote sustainable and environmentally responsible practices. The Cannabis Horticultural Association (CHA) is leading the way in promoting organic, regenerative, and ecological management practices in horticulture.
The CHA was founded in 2016 to promote the responsible cultivation of cannabis and to incorporate the modalities of ALL plant medicine. Including the study of companion planting and herbal medicine in the field of cannabis horticulture is important as it contributes to sustainable and holistic cultivation practices. Companion planting helps to create a balanced ecosystem within the grow environment, reducing the need for synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. The use of herbs in medicine complements the medical properties of cannabis, potentially increasing the effectiveness and versatility of treatments. By incorporating these practices, cannabis cultivators can produce healthier and more diverse crops while also promoting the preservation of traditional knowledge and medicinal practices. The association recognizes the importance of promoting sustainable and environmentally responsible practices, and it is committed to educating its members and the public about the benefits of organic, regenerative, and ecological management practices.
Organic horticulture is a system of growing plants that relies on natural processes and minimizes the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. Organic practices promote the health of the soil, the plants, and the environment, and they help to reduce the risk of contamination and negative impacts on the environment.
Regenerative horticulture goes beyond organic practices and focuses on improving the health of the soil, water, air, and biodiversity. This approach to horticulture emphasizes the use of cover crops, compost, and other organic matter to promote soil health and reduce the need for synthetic inputs.
Ecological horticulture focuses on creating a sustainable and interconnected ecosystem in the garden or farm. This approach considers the entire ecosystem, including the plants, animals, and microorganisms, and it works to promote a healthy balance between all of the components.
The CHA is working to promote these practices by providing education and resources for its members and the public. The association provides consulting and educational programs, as well as access to experts in the field. Additionally, the CHA works with government agencies, research institutions, and other organizations to promote sustainable and environmentally responsible practices in the cannabis horticultural industry. By promoting organic, regenerative, and ecological management practices, the CHA is helping to ensure the health and sustainability of the cannabis industry and the environment for generations to come.
Cannabis and herbal medicine have been used for thousands of years to treat various health conditions and improve overall well-being. Despite the advancements in Western pharmaceutical medicine, these traditional forms of medicine continue to play a crucial role in healthcare, providing natural and effective solutions to various health problems. In this article, we will examine the benefits of cannabis and some well known herbal medicines and examine their medical benefits. Herbal medicine is a form of medicine that uses plants or plant extracts to treat various health conditions. Cannabis would technically be considered an herbal medicine, although it might rank as the strongest one known. Some of the most commonly used herbal medicines around the world include turmeric, ginger, ginkgo biloba, garlic, elderberry and ginseng.
One of the most important benefits of herbal medicine is its antiviral properties. Some of the most commonly used antiviral herbs include echinacea, garlic, and elderberry. In addition to its antiviral properties, herbal medicine also has powerful antioxidant properties. Some of the most commonly used antioxidant herbs include green tea, ginseng, and goji berries. Herbal medicine also has powerful anti-inflammatory properties as well, making it an effective treatment for various inflammatory conditions, including arthritis, heart disease, and cancer. Some of the most commonly used anti-inflammatory herbs include turmeric, ginger, and willow bark.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana, has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. It contains over 100 compounds, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), which have been shown to have therapeutic effects on the body. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology found that CBD can effectively reduce anxiety and improve sleep quality in patients with anxiety disorders. Another study published in the Journal of Pain found that cannabis can effectively reduce chronic pain and improve quality of life for patients with chronic pain conditions.
Turmeric, for example, has been shown to have powerful anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce inflammation and improve joint function in patients with arthritis. A study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that turmeric can effectively reduce inflammation and improve joint function in patients with osteoarthritis. Another study published in the Journal of Cancer Research found that turmeric can reduce the risk of various types of cancer, including breast, prostate, and lung cancer.
Ginger is another commonly used herbal medicine that has been shown to have a range of health benefits. A study published in the Journal of Nausea and Vomiting found that ginger can effectively reduce nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Another study published in the Journal of Pain found that ginger can effectively reduce menstrual pain in women.
Ginkgo biloba, a plant native to China, has been used for thousands of years to improve memory and cognitive function. A study published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology found that ginkgo biloba can effectively improve memory and cognitive function in healthy adults. Another study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease found that ginkgo biloba can slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease and improve cognitive function in patients with the condition.
Garlic is another commonly used herb that has been shown to have antiviral properties. A study published in the Journal of Antiviral Research found that garlic can effectively inhibit the growth of various viruses, including the flu virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Another study published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy found that garlic can effectively reduce the risk of viral infections, including the common cold and flu.
Elderberry, also known as Sambucus, is a plant native to Europe and North America that has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. A study published in the Journal of International Medical Research found that elderberry can effectively reduce the severity and duration of flu symptoms. Another study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that elderberry can boost the immune system and reduce the risk of viral infections.
Echinacea, also known as purple coneflower, has been shown to have powerful antiviral properties. A study published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy found that echinacea can effectively inhibit the growth of various viruses, including the flu virus. Another study published in the Journal of Phytomedicine found that echinacea can boost the immune system and reduce the severity of cold and flu symptoms.
Green tea, for example, has been shown to have powerful antioxidant properties that can help to protect the body against oxidative stress and damage. A study published in the Journal of Cancer Research found that green tea can effectively reduce the risk of various types of cancer, including breast, prostate, and lung cancer. Another study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that green tea can improve heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Ginseng, a plant native to Asia, has been used for thousands of years to improve overall health and well-being. A study published in the Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine found that ginseng can effectively reduce oxidative stress and improve antioxidant status in the body. Another study published in the Journal of American College of Nutrition found that ginseng can improve heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Goji berries, also known as wolfberries, are a type of berry native to China that has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. A study published in the Journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology found that goji berries can effectively reduce oxidative stress and improve antioxidant status in the body. Another study published in the Journal of Nutrition found that goji berries can improve heart health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
In conclusion, cannabis and herbal medicine are equally as important as Western pharmaceutical medicine. They provide natural and effective solutions to various health problems and have been used for thousands of years to treat various health conditions and improve overall well-being. While Western pharmaceutical medicine has its place in healthcare, it is important to recognize the benefits of these traditional forms of medicine and to incorporate them into our healthcare systems. By doing so, we can provide patients with a more comprehensive and holistic approach to healthcare.
The Koffee originated from Kaya. It was named Kaya’s Koffee and subsequently given to a few breeders. Nick from Greensource Gardens took it all the way to Koffee F8. CHA was able to procure the seeds from Nick directly at a seed swap. The Koffee breeding project through CHA is using the Koffee F8 from Greensource Gardens.
Koffee is a THC dominant variety often chosen to treat conditions such as depression, chronic pain, mood swings, chronic fatigue, and chronic stress. This F8 flower has a super pungent aroma of a chocolate/kushy spice and pine/citrus with mint. Almost smells like Eucalyptus. Very complex, nicely intoxicating
Living in Humboldt County for the past 15 years has provided the CHA access to world class genetics that has helped develop a unique library of flavors for both flower and concentrates. These genetics will contain award-winning phenotypes, it’s up to you to grab a few packs and hunt them out to find the winners. That is why we have included 25 seeds in most packs, this gives you the ability to have a larger group to hunt from. The quality of the flowers will match any other famous breeders but at a fraction of the cost. Some of the pictures below are from our Slapz and Tropaya Lines (photos of outdoor grown flowers) Check out the seeds page to learn more.
Also Don’t Sleep on the Lemon Hashplant Line!!!!
The Lemon Hashplant line was a 2022 project in conjunction with a local Humboldt farmer/breeder. A large number of male seeds were grown out from Bodhi seeds Lemon Hashplant (Lemon G x 88 G13. 2 select males were chosen for smell, structure and vigor and used in an open pollination project with a select group of elite award winning genetics. The crosses that come out of this line are sure to win some awards. These seeds are now available for purchase on the website #CHAnetics
When most people think about fertilizing plants, they think about the major nutrients like nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium. And there are quite a few other micronutrients that all play important roles in plant health, but arguably there is no other micro-nutrient as important as silicon for optimizing plant health. Silicon plays an integral role in plant health by interacting with several key components of plant stress signaling systems leading to induced resistance. The terminology is confusing because there are differences between silicon, silica, silicic acid and silicate. Sometimes they’re used interchangeably by the fertilizer industry but these terms mean very different things. So, here are the definitions of some common terms involved when talking about silicon in plants.
Silicon: a tetravalent nonmetallic element that occurs combined as the most abundant element next to oxygen in the earth’s crust. It is an element with the symbol Si and atomic number 14. The elemental form itself is unassimilable to plants.
Silica: another name for silicon dioxide (SiO₂); found in the mineral quartz and also a major component of sand. Sometimes you will find products that contain micronized silicon dioxide to be amended in or there is even liquid silicon dioxide as well.
Silicates: compounds containing silicon-oxygen tetrahedrons (SiO4)4-that are used as fertilizers like calcium silicate, potassium silicate, sodium silicate and combinations of diatomaceous earth with minerals.
Silicic Acid: any of various weakly acid substances obtained as gelatinous masses by treating silicates with acids. It is a compound of silicon, oxygen, and hydrogen, regarded as the parent substance from which is derived a large family—the silicates—of minerals, salts, and esters. The only form of silicon which is available for entry or uptake into a plant is silicic acid, Si(OH)4
Monosilicic Acid (MSA): Synonym: orthosilicic acid (OSA). MSA or Si(OH)4 is the simplest form of soluble silicic acid. MSA is found universally in seawater, river water and soils at a concentration of a few ppm. Although MSA is in dynamic equilibrium with disilicic acid, it is considered the only bioavailable form of silicon.
What’s the Difference?
Because most of the silicon in the plant’s crust is held in forms plants cannot take up. These include silicon dioxide (silica) and various silicate minerals. While plants can’t take up silica, they can take up another form of silicon —monosilicic/orthosilicic acid. Bacteria can convert other silicon compounds into monosilicic acid. However, this process takes weeks or months. By the time silicon is in a plant available form, the plant might be too far along in it growth cycle for the silicon to be of much value. Therefore, growers often apply silicon in the form of monosilicic acid. https://www.globalgarden.co/knowledge/silicic-acid/
SILICIC ACID VS. POTASSIUM SILICATE
Potassium silicate (K2SiO3) is a salt of silicic acid (H4SiO4).
As mentioned above, silicates are not available to plants. So, plants cannot take up or use potassium silicate. First, bacteria must convert it to monosilicic acid.
Therefore, applying potassium silicate does not have the same effects as applying monosilicic acid. Depending on the level of nutrient cyclying and silica solubilizing bacteria present in the soil or on the leaf surface (foliar application), your plants will not be able to uptake potassium silicate for potentially weeks, it just depends on a variety of biotic and abiotic factors. https://www.globalgarden.co/knowledge/silicic-acid/
Role of Silicon in Plant Health
Silicon promotes plant growth by increasing the growth of cells which leads to faster growth of the roots stems and shoots. A few studies have shown that the application of silicon yields plants with taller and thicker stems. Silicon also helps protect plants from harmful fungi.
Eventually, silicic acid molecules polymerize into insoluble silica, which is deposited in plant tissues, first in the abaxial (lower) epidermis and then, as the plant grows, in the epidermis. It then condenses into particles of hard, polymerized silica gel, also known as phytoliths. It is this silica that imparts silicon’s benefits to plants by strengthening plant tissues and structures.https://www.emeraldharvest.co/wp-content/uploads/WP_Inside_Silicon_Supplements_DOWNLOAD.pdf
Primary Effects on Plant Growth
Mono-silicic acid has three primary effects on plants:
Mechanical – Builds structure and resistance to stress Deposits silicon directly into the outer layer of the cell creating a rigid barrier and a more solid structure.
Nutritional – Increased and more balanced uptake of nutrients Pressurizes the plant sap to allow a better and more even flow of nutrients throughout the plant circulatory system.
Improves Resistance to Fungal and Bacterial Pathogens
Although it’s not fully known how, silicon helps protect plants against harmful fungi. Some of these fungi include fusarium wilt and powdery mildew. Scientists think one way this element protects plants is by stimulating plant defenses. When you add silicon to your plants, they can better recognize diseases and begin to fight back LINK
Natural Sources of Silicon
So now that we know a little more about the element silicon and its role in plant health, let’s examine where we can find natural source of it.
Horsetail The plant horsetail has found extensive application as a source of silica, The results for the silicon concentration in horsetail reached from 2.64% to 4.80% of the dry matter. The lowest amount of silicon was in the range between 1.52% and 2.51%. https://www.scirp.org/pdf/fns_2013050814523966.pdf
Here is a quick recipe from No Dig Garden for a horsetail extract to apply as a drench or foliar for your plants,
•2 cups fresh horsetail or 1 cup dried
•10 cups water
•Bring to the boil, reduce the heat and simmer for 30 minutes with the lid on. Leave to cool overnight – you may want to pop it outside as it isn’t the nicest of smells and can make the kitchen smell a bit peculiar, not quite what you need first thing in the morning!
•Strain through a sieve or colander lined with muslin and pour into labelled bottles. Store in a cool place for about a month. Pour any leftover potion into a compost heap.
•To use as a foliar spray or soil feed, dilute 1 part horsetail ‘tea’ to 4 parts water.
Here is a recipe for a smaller quantity which can be increased as you wish.
2 cups fresh horsetail or 1 cup dried
10 cups water
Bring to the boil, reduce the heat and simmer for 30 minutes with the lid on. Leave to cool overnight – you may want to pop it outside as it isn’t the nicest of smells and can make the kitchen smell a bit peculiar, not quite what you need first thing in the morning!
Strain through a sieve or colander lined with muslin and pour into labelled bottles. Store in a cool place for about a month. Pour any leftover potion into a compost heap.
To use as a foliar spray or soil feed, dilute 1 part horsetail ‘tea’ to 4 parts water.
In summation, Silicon has been shown to elicit these types of effects on plants
Have stronger and thicker branches by depositing silicon directly into the outer layer of the cell.
Carry sturdier and heavier fruits with higher nutritional value and a longer shelf-life.
Silicon induced thermotolerance – Improves plants tolerance to heat extremes.
Are more resistant to stress caused by high concentrations of salts in the substrate (high EC).
Alleviates abiotic and biotic stresses, and increases the resistance of plants to pathogenic fungi.
The Cannabis Horticultural Association is pleased to announce a new perk to joining the CHA, Seeds!
All new members in the Silver, Gold, and Platinum tiers will receive an exclusive pack of non-feminized seeds from a specialty breeding project for 2021 that is selecting for a diverse array of terpenoids and concentrate production. A Slapz (Runtz x Grease Monkey) male plant was chosen and bred into a few select females of Gelonade, White Runtz, and Blood Orange Kush. Members can contact us directly for more info after signing up and to choose varieties and inquire if any new genetics are available. ***Seeds are for novelty use only and are collectors items.
“The whole supply chain is really a delicate balance. If you can figure out how to rely on local supply chains and create partnerships with local farms and have things coming in locally where you know they are going to be present, I think it’s a much more sustainable picture long-term.” -Russell Pace, CHA
Future Cannabis Project (FCP) focuses on cannabis cultivation, breeding, extraction, education, advocacy, policy, health, science, and business. On April 22, 2021, Russell Pace, the founder and president of the Cannabis Horticultural Association (CHA), was the featured guest on the FCP Livestream.
The conversation focused on living soils, beneficial insects, breeding projects, intercropping, and many other aspects of horticultural science.
Listed below is a summary of some of the changes from the IFR to the Final Rule that have been already identified: The Final Rule still insists that only DEA-certified laboratories test material, but it delays enforcement of this provision until 12/31/22.
The negligence standard has been increased from 0.5% THC to 1.0% THC, a helpful development to protect farmers’ economic interests.
The sampling window has been extended from 15 to 30 days of anticipated harvest, a welcome relief to help avoid bottlenecking in testing procedures.
Instead of rigid requirements for sampling being mandated from the federal level, the Final Rule establishes “performance-based” sampling requirements, giving states the flexibility to achieve performance objectives, such as a reliability of 95%.
The Final Rule continues to require pre-harvest samples to be taken from the flower material – not the whole plant as many requested — but it provides some relief by requiring the samples to be taken from 5 to 8 inches from the main stem, terminal bud, or central cola of the flowering top.
The USDA retains its requirement for testing total THC, instead of limiting the testing to Delta-9 THC as requested by some in the industry.
The more flexible disposal options that the USDA proposed last year – including on-farm or at-production disposal flexibility – have been made permanent.